Root depth m (Water Overlay)

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Buildings with a root depth are known as crops and foliage.

Buildings representing crops and foliage can draw water from the ground, allowing it to evaporate. This behaves in the same way as terrain which is configured as plants.

Feddes Trapezium

Plants can experience oxygen stress when the groundwater level is too high. The plant roots become saturated so that the plant can no longer transpire. To simulate the oxygen stress, the root depth can also be configured with four values instead of one, which will be interpreted using Feddes transpiration model. In the model, when the groundwater level rises, the transpiration increases. However, at a certain point, the groundwater is too high and the transpiration decreases. Water on the surface can then still evaporate, but the plant cannot transpire anymore.

The sequence for the four values should be defined in order of largest to smallest depth values and are interpreted as a 0-1-1-0 transpiration factor trapezium.

Feddes trapezium.jpg


  • For crops and foliage to evaporate water, both the ROOT_DEPTH_M and the WATER_EVAPORATION_FACTOR must be appropriately configured.
  • When a building is present in any given location, the values for evaporation in the ground will overrule any values set by terrain in the same location. To model ground evaporation without a building, set the attributes of the building on the applicable terrain type instead.
  • When a building has a ROOT_DEPTH_M of 0, the amount of evaporation which takes place in that location is 0.


See also