Hydraulic features (Water Overlay)

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The water system can be enhanced with a number of hydrological features, which can be loaded in as areas. These hydrological features form special properties or modifications on the hydrological system.

Water level area

A water level area represents real-world water level areas. Within a water level area, the heights of all water terrains are set to a specified level.

Attribute Unit Description Default (when attribute is not present)
WATER_LEVEL m + datum The water level for all water terrains in this water level area n/a

If no water level area is present in the project, the water level on water terrains is assumed to be extremely low. This allows water to flow into the open water areas at all times.

Sewer area

A sewer area is part of the definition of a system of sewers in the specified area. Sewer storage is present in the hydrological model wherever the sewer area intersects with a sewered construction.

Attribute Unit Description Default (when attribute is not present)
SEWER_STORAGE m The maximum height the water can reach in this sewer. This value, multiplied by the surface area of the sewered constructions the sewer area intersects with, forms the total amount of water this sewer can store. n/a
SEWER_PUMP_SPEED m3/s The amount of water removed from the sewer by removing it from the hydrological model entirely. 0

Sewers don't have default storage amount, but when generating them automatically in the configuration wizard, suggested values are 0,007m for older sewers and 0,04 for newer sewers.

Breach

A breach is a modification to the terrain height, with an optional in- or outflow of water for the hydrological model. This can be used to represent calamitous situations, such as a breach in a levee. Breaches can also be used to easily simulate a terrain height increase, effectively creating a levee.

A breach can either be defined solely as a terrain height modification using its BREACH_HEIGHT attribute, or as a connection to a water body outside of the hydrological model by adding attributes related to the external water body. If the breach is only defined as a terrain height change, only water that is already created or defined in some other way in the hydrological model can flow through and from it.

If the breach is given the attributes required for the external water body, water will automatically be created or removed uniformly on the breach, depending on the simulated water body "behind" the breach.

The breach can grow over time, based on its initial width and the critical speed at which water may flow. If a BREACH_WIDTH is defined, the breach's polygon is intersected with a circle emanating from the centerpoint of the polygon. It is only in that intersection, dubbed the "active breach", that water will flow in from the simulated external water body.. The radius of the circle defining the intersection will expand when the water flowing in from the external water body exceeds the BREACH_SPEED. Water flowing in the hydrological model across the breach's surface without explicitly entering or leaving the hydrological model through the breach and its simulated water body does not "count" for the critical speed. All cells in the active breach are considered directly adjacent to the external water body.

The entire breach area is considered lowered to the height defined by its BREACH_HEIGHT attribute, even if the active breach does not extend across the entirety of the breach area.

Water flowing through or across a breach will flow in the direction defined by the BREACH_ANGLE attribute, regardless of whether the water flowed onto the breach from elsewhere in the water model, or from the simulated external water body. If no BREACH_ANGLE is defined, water can flow in any direction.

If no critical speed is defined, the active breach will never grow. If no width is defined, the width is assumed to be very large, creating an intersection exactly the size of the polygon.

Attribute Unit Description Default (when attribute is not present)
BREACH_HEIGHT m + datum The new terrain height at the location of the breach. n/a
BREACH_WIDTH m The radius of the breach as drawn on the polygon defining the breach, emanating from the center point. 10000
BREACH_ANGLE geo angle (0-360°) The angle at which water can flow from the breach. n/a
BREACH_SPEED m/s The speed at which water should flow through the breach before the width begins to increase. n/a
EXTERNAL_SURFACE_LEVEL m + datum The height of the bottom of the external water body behind the breach. The lowest level the external water level can lower to. 0
EXTERNAL_WATER_LEVEL m + datum The water level of the external water body behind the breach. The initial level the water level is set to. 0
EXTERNAL_AREA The surface area of the external water body behind the breach. The larger the external water body, the more water can flow from it, and the smaller the effect of the inflow or outflow of water on the external water level. n/a

Inundation

An inundation is an initial placement of a quantity of water. This differs from the water level areas in that an inundation level allows you to place water anywhere on the surface.

Attribute Unit Description Default (when attribute is not present)
INUNDATION_LEVEL m + datum The height of the water. n/a

Aquifer

The aquifer is an additional definition for the underground, allowing for underground horizontal flow different from the underground terrain's GROUND_INFILTRATION_MD.

Attribute Unit Description Default (when attribute is not present)
AQUIFER_KD m²/day The hydraulic conductivity of the aquifer, which dictates the speed at which water can flow horizontally through the underground. n/a
AQUIFER_HEIGHT m n/a

Note that the aquifer only functions if its hydraulic conductivity is greater than 0. If it is 0 or less the aquifer is disregarded, and the GROUND_INFILTRATION_MD of the underground terrain is used.